Britain Calls For ‘Global NATO’ and New Global Order to Counter China

On April 27 British Foreign Secretary Liz Truss called for creation of a “Global NATO” as part of a shift in world order, which followed calls four weeks prior by U.S. President Joe Biden for a ‘New World Order’ to be established. Truss claimed that the post Second World War order was failing, and that formation of “a global NATO” was necessary to restore Western and allied ascent in global affairs. “My vision is a world where free nations are assertive and in the ascendant. Where freedom and democracy are strengthened through a network of economic and security partnerships.” She stressed that the UN Security Council and other post-1945 security structures “have been bent out of shape so far, they have enabled rather than contained aggression.” This comes amid repeated expressions of frustration among Western leaders that of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council, the two non Western members China and Russia blocked the passage of resolutions targeting Western adversaries such as Syria, Zimbabwe, Iran, Sudan, and most recently Russia itself. It follows longstanding calls for a new global governance structure, possibly based on NATO, which would allow the West and Western aligned countries to assert greater power in world affairs. 

Truss highlighted that under the new order globalisation and access to international trade could be made conditional on countries’ political positions, stating: “economic access is no longer a given. It has to be earned,” and that countries who wish to earn it “must play by the rules. And that includes China.” This notably comes as a number Western powers have increasingly indicated that they could seek to target Russian civilian shipping in international waters, after Iranian and North Korean shipping was similarly illegally targeted. The possibility of a future targeting of Chinese shipping was notably also raised in a U.S. Naval Institute paper in 2020.

Regarding ‘Global NATO’ and the targeting of China, Truss notably emphasised the need to arm Taiwan against the Chinese mainland with the two currently being technically in a state of civil war. Taiwan is recognised as a part of China by the United Nations, all UN member states, as well as its own constitution, but maintaining its separation and Western aligned separate administration has increasingly been raised as a priority in Western security discourse. It remains to be seen whether the United States and its allies will move ahead with the establishment of a new order and abolishment of the current UN system based on sovereign equality and the power of the security council, but there remains significant potential for this to meet considerable opposition from across the non-Western world.

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