What is Pinaka Missile System, Range, Types | Pinaka Missile upsc

What is Pinaka Missile System, Range | Pinaka Missile upsc

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India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has tested an extended range version of the Pinaka rocket system. The test was conducted at Integrated Test Range (ITR), Chandipur off the coast of Odisha.

During the test, a total of 25 Enhanced Pinaka Rockets were fired from a Multi-Barrel Rocket Launcher (MBRL) at targets located at different ranges. The enhanced range version can destroy targets at distances up to 45km.

What is Pinaka Missile System?

Pinaka Missiles is Multi-Barrel Rocket Launch System. Pinaka rocket system was jointly developed by the Armament Research and Development Establishment (ARDE) and High Energy Materials Research Laboratory (HEMRL). Economic Explosives Limited in Nagpur manufactured the rockets. 

Each Pinaka battery consists of six launcher vehicles, each with 12 rockets; six loader-replenishment vehicles; three replenishment vehicles; two Command Post vehicles (one standby) with a Fire Control computer, and the DIGICORA MET radar. A battery of six launchers can neutralize an area of 1,000 m × 800 m.

Specification of Pinaka Missiles Multi-Barrel Rocket Launch System.

Types of Pinaka Missiles

Pinaka MBRS developed by ARDE comprises a free-flight artillery rocket having a maximum range of 38 km with different types of warhead & fuzes, a multi-tube launcher vehicle, a replenishment-cum-loader vehicle, a replenishment vehicle and a command post vehicle. 

There are two pods containing 6 rockets each, capable of firing in salvo mode within 48 sec neutralizing the area of 700 x 500 m. In light of the requirement of the Army for a free flight rocket with enhanced range, ARDE has successfully developed a Pinaka Mk-II rocket with 60 km range. The existing launch vehicle and ground systems of Pinaka MBRS is used with minor modifications for firing this new rocket.

Types of PINAKA Missiles

Components of Pinaka Missile System 

Components of PINAKA Missile System

Upgraded Pinaka Rocket System

On December 19-20, 2019, the upgraded version of the Pinaka guided rocket system was successfully test-fired to a range of 90 km from the Integrated Test Range, Chandipur, off the Odisha coast. 

The missile system has been jointly developed by various Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) laboratories. 'The mission achieved all the objectives including enhancing the range, accuracy, and sub-system functionality. The flight was tracked by multiple range systems like telemetry, radars, electro-optical targeting system (EOTS), etc, which confirmed the textbook flight performance. The Pinaka Mk-II rocket is modified as a missile by integrating with the navigation, control, and guidance system to improve the end accuracy and enhance the range. 

The navigation system of the missile is also aided by the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) termed NAVIC. The upgraded Pinaka Mark-II missile system is capable of striking into an enemy territory up to a range of 90 km with high precision, compared to Pinaka Mark-I which has a maximum range of 40 km. Pinaka is a complete MBRI, system, each Pinaka battery consists of six launcher vehicles, each with 12 rockets; six loader-replenishment vehicles; three replenishment vehicles; two Command Post vehicles (one stand by) with a Fire Control computer, and the DIGICORA MET radar. 

A battery of six launchers can neutralise an area of 1,000 m x 800 m. All of the 72 rockets can be fired in 44 seconds. Each launcher can fire in a different direction too. 'The system has the flexibility to fire all the rockets in one go or only a few. The launcher can operate in autonomous mode, stand-alone mode, remote mode or manual mode. Pinaka MBRI, System was tested during the Kargil Conflict and the first Pinaka regiment was raised in February 2000. The Army had reportedly placed intent for Pinaka Weapon System worth 21,300 crores. On October 29, 2015, the Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) chaired by the Defence Minister, cleared the purchase of two more Pint regiments at a cost of 23,300 crores. On March 18, 2016, the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) cleared the purchase of two additional Pinaka regiments. On March 7, 2016, the CCS cleared an order 


of additional six Pinaka Regiments to augment the four regiments cleared earlier. The Pint is in the process of further improvement. The Israel Military Industries (IMI) is teamed up with DRDO to implement its Trajectory Correction System (TCS) on the Pinaka, for further improvement of its ChP, trials of which are ongoing. 

The rockets can also be guided by CPS to improve their accuracy. Additionally, DRI)O's ARDE and partner organisations are launching a project to develop a long-range MRI., similar to the 'Smerchs; a rocket for the Pinaka MBRI. that can carry a 250 kg payload to a distance of 120 kin. 'The Pinaka Mark-II with 90 km range provides greater punch to Indian Artillery. 'The rocket under development carrying 250 kg payload to a distance of 120 km will boost it further.

Salient Features of Pinaka Missile

  1. Use of state-of-the-art technologies for improved combat performance
  2. Total operational time optimized for shoot & scoot capability
  3. Cabin pressurization for crew protection in addition to blast shields
  4. Microprocessor-based fully automatic positioning and fire control console
  5. Night vision devices for driver and crew
  6. Neutralization/destruction of the exposed troop concentrations, ‘B’ vehicles and other such soft targets
  7. Neutralisation of enemy guns/rocket locations
  8. Laying of anti-personnel and anti-tank mines at a short notice.

FAQ of Pinaka Missile System

1.Does Pinaka is surface to surface missile?

Ans: Pinaka is Surface to Surface Long-Range Missile System.

2. Is Pinaka a missile?

Ans: Pinaka ia Type of artillary system.

3. What is the range of Pinaka Missiles?

Ans: Pinaka Mk-II ER Range is 90 Km

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