Why Did Donald Trump Withdraw from Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) in 2018?

Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action

Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action is an agreement on the Iranian nuclear program reached in Vienna on 14 July 2015, between Iran and the P5+1 (the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council—China, France, Russia, United Kingdom, United States—plus Germany) together with the European Union.

Why Did Donald Trump Withdraw from Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) in 2018?

Why Did Donald Trump Withdraw from JCPOA

Trump says Iran is violating the spirit of the day if not violating the deal in the letter as it continues to work against US interests in Syria and Yemen and support to Hezbollah.

Obama signed the deal on a balance of giving and take relations where the idea was to curb the nuclear ambitions of Iran but allow Iran a limited space to test ballistic and other missiles. Trump says that the nuclear deal does not restrict Iranian missile testing. This is despite the fact that JCPOA did not mention the missile testing points.

The JCPOA mentions that Iran, which would reduce the centrifuges for enrichment from 19,000 to 5,060, will be for 10 years till 2025, but after 2025 these restrictions will be removed and limits on the use of centrifuge end in 2025 class limits on enrichment end after 2030. 

So, Trump feels that by 2030 and afterward Iran can go nuclear, thus the deal lacks comprehensiveness. Thus, US sanctions were re-imposed on Iran.

Trump wants a better deal where

• Missile testing is curbed (ballistic missile testing) 

• Iran facilities are fully transparent for inspection.

• Removal of 2025 and 2030 deadlines at this sunset clause.

• Wants the sanctioned money that got released after the removal of sanctions on Iran, which is not used by Iran for a proxy war in Yemen and Syria. 

Though Iran has asserted that its ballistic missiles cannot be used to carry nuclear warheads as Iran possesses no nuclear warheads and its ballistic missiles are only for conventional warfare, but this does not affect Trump who unilaterally withdrew from the deal. 

India has maintained that despite US withdrawal from JCPOA, it will continue to engage with Iran for oil trade and development of Chabahar Port for the purpose of transitive development to Central Asia and Afghanistan and has maintained that Iran has a right to peaceful use of nuclear energy.

Read More What is Iran's Nuclear Deal?

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